World’s Worst POODLE Scanner for HTTPS

Behold, the world’s worst POODLE scanner for HTTPS services:

for subnet in $subnets; do
echo -e "########## SCANNING $subnet ##########\n"
https_servers=`nmap -sS -P0 -n -p 443 -oG - $subnet | grep open | awk '{print $2}'`
echo "TCP/443 found open on:"
echo -e "$https_servers\n"
echo "Scanning for SSLv3..."
for https_srv in $https_servers; do
echo -n | openssl s_client -connect $https_srv:443 -ssl3 &> /dev/null
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
echo "SSLv3 ENABLED on $https_srv:443"
echo -e "\nCOMPLETED SCAN FOR $subnet\n"

All it really does is tell you if SSL 3.0 is enabled on port TCP/443 when given a list of IP addresses and/or subnets to scan.

The above code depends on several things:

  1. bash or bash-like shell
  2. nmap, running with root privileges
  3. openssl command line utility
  4. awk and grep

Define the variable $subnet with a space-delimited nmap-compatible list of IP and/or subnet addresses.

The code can be easily modified to check for SSLv3 presence on other services/ports but I didn’t build that into the functionality because this is, after all, the world’s worst POODLE scanner.

Quick? Check. Dirty? Check. Yep, it’s a hack.

FreeIPA and Samba 3 Integration

FreeIPA makes a pretty excellent backend for Samba 3. While all the information one needs to set this up is available online, I wasn’t able to find it all  in one location so I’ve decided to try my best at filling that gap here on Hopefully this short guide will aid those trying to piece together the various parts necessary to integrate FreeIPA v2 and Samba 3, at least until FreeIPA v3 where there is talk of enabling Samba integration with a simple command line argument to the “ipa-server-install” script.

Not for Domains

It’s important to keep in mind that these instructions are not for a integrating FreeIPA with a Samba domain controller but merely a Samba file server. My understanding is that FreeIPA will never conveniently/properly support the necessary bits to make it a suitable backend for a Samba 3 PDC. I believe FreeIPA will eventually look towards Samba 4 integration (using Domain trusts) for this kind of integration but don’t quote me on that. Either way, these instructions are not for Samba domain controllers, just Samba file servers.

The Assumptions

There are some basic assumptions that these instructions make.

  • FreeIPA is installed and functional
  • You have a general idea of how to use LDAP command line tools
  • If you have a nice GUI LDAP browser, you can use it to apply the example LDIFs and edit the tree instead of the ldap CLI tools
  • The LDAP commands are executed on the FreeIPA server
  • Samba and FreeIPA are installed on the same server (although it shouldn’t be difficult to use TLS encryption with separate servers)
  • Your LDAP suffix is “dc=domain,dc=tld”
  • You know the difference between the “admin” account and the directory manager and their passwords

The Goods

Let’s not beat around the bush any further.

  1. Determine your Samba server SID by executing the following command while smbd is running and jot it down:
# net getlocalsid
SID for IPASERVER domain  is: S-1-5-21-3180075094-3458813485-3821849995
  1. With the “admin” kerberos ticket, add two attributes to “cn=ipaConfig,dc=etc,dc=domain,dc=tld” that tell FreeIPA to setup each account as a Samba account and each group as a Samba group:
ldapmodify -Y GSSAPI <<EOF
dn: cn=ipaconfig,cn=etc,dc=domain,dc=tld
changetype: modify
add: ipaUserObjectClasses
ipaUserObjectClasses: sambaSAMAccount
add: ipaGroupObjectClasses
ipaGroupObjectClasses: sambaGroupMapping
  1. With the directory manager password and the Samba SID you jotted down from above, create an instance of the 389 DS DNA plugin that will automatically generate SIDs for your users and groups which are necessary for use with Samba:
ldapadd -x -D "cn=Directory Manager" -W <<EOF
dn: cn=SambaGroupSid,cn=Distributed Numeric Assignment Plugin,cn=plugins,cn=config
objectClass: top
objectClass: extensibleObject
dnatype: sambaSID
dnaprefix: S-1-5-21-3180075094-3458813485-3821849995-
dnainterval: 1
dnamagicregen: assign
dnafilter: (|(objectclass=sambasamaccount)(objectclass=sambagroupmapping))
dnascope: dc=domain,dc=tld
cn: SambaSid
dnanextvalue: 15277

The thing to note here is that the “dnaprefix” is set to the SID your jotted down… PLUS a hyphen (“-“) appended to the end!

  1. Now we have to start modifying the FreeIPA API, CLI and WebUI to allow us to specify the “sambaGroupType” attribute at group creation time. We have to set “sambaGroupType” because it is a required attribute for the objectClass “sambaGroupMapping” which we are automatically adding to every group with the “ipaGroupObjectClasses” setting from earlier.

Although the value is going to be “4” for every conceivable case in this non-domain configuration, I was not able to figure out how to make the DNA plugin insert static values like it can set incrementing values so I decided to allow setting it through the CLI and WebUS with defaults enabled instead. If anyone knows how to setup 389 to automatically add an attribute with a static value upon DN creation of DNs with specific objectClasses, please tell me.

There are a few steps required to make this CLI/UI stuff happen but the FreeIPA developers have actually made this quite simple.

The rule is: Extend the FreeIPA schema first, then the CLI, then the WebUI.

4.1. Extend the FreeIPA schema with a custom field by adding the attribute “ipaCustomFields” with a value of “Samba Group Type,sambagrouptype,true” to “cn=ipaConfig,dc=etc,dc=domain,dc=tld” with an “admin” kerberos ticket:

ldapmodify -Y GSSAPI <<EOF
dn: cn=ipaconfig,cn=etc,dc=domain,dc=tld
changetype: add
add: ipaCustomFields
ipaCustomFields: "Samba Group Type,sambagrouptype,true"

As there can only be one “ipaCustomFields” attribute, if you have multiple custom fields you need to separate each definition with a “$” like so: “Samba Group Type,sambagrouptype,true$Description,attrname,isrequiredboolean”.

4.2. Extend the CLI for groups by editing the python file “/…/site-packages/ipalib/plugins/” to define the custom field and specify a default if not implicitly defined (diff):

---  2011-08-15 14:59:48.570715207 -0700
+++    2011-08-16 12:43:43.493236507 -0700
@@ -118,6 +118,13 @@
             doc=_('GID (use this option to set it manually)'),
+        Int('sambagrouptype',
+            cli_name='sgt',
+            label=_('Samba Group Type'),
+            doc=_('Samba Group Type (default is 4)'),
+            default=4,
+            autofill=True,
+        ),

Important: Restart “httpd” at this point!

4.3. Test the CLI. With an “admin” (or equivalent priv) kerberos ticket, try creating a new group:

$ ipa group-add testgrp --desc="Testing the CLI mods"
Added group "testgrp"
  Group name: testgrp
  Description: Testing the CLI mods
  GID: 1234500010
  Samba Group Type: 4

4.4 With the CLI functioning properly, we can move on to extending the WebUI. To extend the WebUI for group attributes, edit “/usr/share/ipa/ui/group.js” like so (diff):

--- group.js.orig  2011-08-15 10:01:28.515209121 -0700
+++ group.js    2011-08-16 13:52:59.587352034 -0700
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
                 column({name: 'cn'}).
                 column({name: 'gidnumber'}).
                 column({name: 'description'}).
+                column({name: 'sambagrouptype'}).
                         'name': 'add',
@@ -41,6 +42,7 @@
                         field(IPA.text_widget({name: 'cn', undo: false})).
                         field(IPA.text_widget({name: 'description', undo: false})).
+                        field(IPA.select_widget({name: 'sambagrouptype', undo: false, options: [{label: 'Local', value: 4}, {label: 'Domain', value: 2}]})).
                             name: 'posix',
@@ -56,6 +58,7 @@
                         input({name: 'cn' }).
                         input({name: 'description'}).
+                        input({name: 'sambagrouptype'}).
                         input({name: 'gidnumber' }))).

And then these the WebUI to ensure that you can both see the attribute in the group list, but also add it via the select widget added to the new/edit group dialog.

That should be it. Questions, comments, suggestions, correction and more… all are welcome!

Which Distro for PPC64 Server?

We (work) have two IBM p505 Express Servers.

Right now one machine is running an old way out of support RHEL4 installation and the other is on Fedora 12, which is no longer supported by the Fedora Project. Paid support/subscription is not a consideration yet for this project, but I do want to run a modern Linux distribution for the associated modern application software and maintenance.

I basically need to move these servers to something free and supportable. I’m finding out that there aren’t a lot of options in PPC Linux as when I was last interested in this architecture. It’s pretty much just:

I realize there is RHEL and SuSE Enterprise for PPC64 but those are subscription products without free binaries available. I’m not prepared to build an RPM-based distro from source at this point so I need something with binaries or something where building from source is highly automated and integrated, such as Gentoo. Digression…

The question is which of these distros do I go with? To answer the question I suppose I need to define the roles.

These two pSeries servers a redundant pair running LDAP/Auth Service, NTP, DNS and DHCP. The load is low but I want a solid modern software platform on both these servers from now until they are replaced with in the future (which is likely to be integration into a centralized architecture).

With that said, and with my familiarity level of these distros, I would first lean towards Debian and then to Gentoo and finally to CRUX PPC.

Debian is a binary distribution, which is nice for maintaining a server. Debian is more familiar to me. What are the arguments for Gentoo or CRUX PPC?

Agree or Disagree?